Because they use modernist ingredients, these amounts are given in metric by weight. For more information on how to measure modernist ingredients check out this article.
5-6 red peppers
Toss the red peppers with the olive oil then salt and pepper them. Cook them on a grill, or in a hot oven, rotating as needed, until the skins begin to blacken then remove from the heat. For a more refined presentation the charred skin can be peeled off, though sometimes I leave them on since the char adds a pleasant bitterness to the foam.
Combine the roasted peppers, garlic, thyme, and water in a pot. Bring to a simmer then blend well. Strain the puree and set aside.
Blend the roasted red pepper puree, water, and agar together. Pour into a pot and bring to a boil. Let simmer for 3 to 5 minutes then pour into a container and let it set completely.
Once it is set, cube the gel and puree with a blender until smooth. Add some water if you need to thin it. Pour the fluid gel into your whipping siphon and charge.
When you are ready to serve, dispense the foam into bowls. Garnish with the lemon zest, thyme leaves, and parmesan cheese strips.