Sous Vide Time and Temperature Charts

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What Would You Like to Sous Vide?

Simple Sous Vide Prime Rib Roast Recipe and How To Guide

I tend to cook my prime rib as slabs of 1 to 2 bones instead of a single roast which gives me the benefit of a quicker cooking time and makes it easier to cook them to different temperatures as needed. Even though prime rib is tender, longer cooking times don't hurt it and I usually go 4 to 8 hours, though you can always cook them by thickness.

prime-rib-roast

Prime rib can be one of the most theatrical dishes in a steakhouse, especially when it is sliced tableside from a larger roast.

Prime rib is usually bought as large rib roasts and is often ordered from the butcher by the amount of ribs in it. A 2 to 3 rib prime rib roast will usually weigh about 2 to 3 pounds and will easily feed 4 people with leftovers.

Prime rib and ribeye come from the same cut of beef, from the rib primal, but ribeye is cut before cooking, while prime rib is left whole.

Sous Vide Prime Rib Overview

I usually cut my prime rib into slabs of 1 to 2 bones before sous viding them. They then cook more quickly and makes it easier to cook them to a different internal temperature as needed. It also maximizes the searing area, which adds even more flavor.

One of the best prime ribs I had was first cut off the roast then seasoned with a spicy Cajun rub and seared on both sides.

Sous vide wagyu prime rib roast 30

Even though prime rib is tender, longer cooking times don't hurt it much. Most of the prime rib I eat is for Christmas dinner and I end up cooking it 5 to 10 hours because we are never sure when we are actually going to eat. You can always cook them by thickness though and get the time down to just a few hours.

There are many ways to finish prime rib, but my two favorites are a horseradish sauce or garlic and herb paste. For a large prime rib, I usually use a torch or the broiler in my oven turned up to high because it can be hard to fit a big one into a pan for searing. For slabs, I usually pan sear them or use a real hot grill.

How to Sous Vide a Prime Rib Roast

This was from a recent ask Jason episode I did:

Dear Jason,
I have a five pound prime rib that I want to make. I've been using sous vide for a year and I love it. Amazing Food Made Easy is my go-to site, but I'm confused. I see 134 degrees for no more than 10 hours here, and 125.6 degrees at 24-36 hours on another site that I don't trust as much. But that site shows edge-to-edge medium rare that they torch for crispness like I will. I wonder if it's too soft though. Please help? Pretty please?

Sous vide wagyu prime rib roast 104

With the holidays in full swing, I've been getting a lot of questions on the best way to cook prime rib. Everyone wants to impress their family at holiday dinners, and prime rib is a great way to do it...provided you cook it properly. My family and I almost always do prime rib for our Christmas dinner and now with sous vide it's incredibly easy and convenient to make.

Based on my research and experience at home, here's everything you need to know about sous viding prime rib for your next family dinner. If you are looking for a specific recipe to follow, here's my sous vide prime rib with kale, farro, and peppers.

If you are looking for more information about prime rib in general, or prefer a more traditional way to cook prime rib, I highly recommend reading the Serious Eats article discussing it.

Where to Get Prime Rib

There are many places you can get good prime rib, but I was recently hired by Snake River Farms to create a How-To video showing how to sous vide prime rib. They sent me an 11 pound and a 14 pound bone-in American Gold Wagyu prime rib roast (it also comes without the bone) to do the video with and I was really impressed with their beef. Here's the video I produced for them.

You can read more about them here at my Snake River Farms review. Here's another, earlier video I had put together about prime rib in general.

I also have had good luck with Crowd Cow when buying beef in general.

What Temperature to Sous Vide Prime Rib

The temperature you cook your prime rib at will depend entirely upon the preferences of you and your fellow diners. I've cooked mine at anywhere from 131°F to 141°F (55°C to 60.5°C) to see how the marbling reacts to cooking at a higher temperature.

Even though they all were very flavorful and tender I now almost exclusively cook mine at 131°F (55°C) or 135°F (57°C) for a nice medium-rare. The low temperature is closer to rare, and the higher breaks down a tad more of the fat, but both are in my sweet spot for steak.

I wouldn't go above 137°F (58.3°C) unless everyone at the table like it at least medium, then the high temperature works well.

Sous vide prime rib roast cut

And remember not to go much below 130°F (54.4°C) for more than a few hours as per the sous vide safety guidelines.

How to Sous Vide Prime Rib at Different Temperatures

Sous vide prime rib roast temperature anova

One of the main issues when serving beef at a large gathering is trying to accommodate all the different levels of "doneness" that people prefer.

The most convenient way I've found to keep everyone happy is to cook the roast at the lowest temperature people prefer. Then I divide up the beef into sections based on the doneness people want.

During the searing phase, I just sear the more well done sections longer, until the middle reaches about the color they want. This way people who like a rare or medium-rare middle are happy and there's very little extra work you need to do to please the others. It's an easy way to please everyone, especially with a cast iron skillet

Note: For more information you can read my article about cooking to two different temperatures.

How to Season Prime Rib

The seasoning you use on your prime rib depends on the flavor profile you are aiming for in the final dish.

Most of the usual dry prime rib seasonings work fine and fresh herbs...most woody herbs are great. Fresh garlic and onion, and some herbs, don't translate as well and shouldn't be used. I like using a rub of garlic powder, onion powder, cumin, paprika and light kosher salt with some fresh rosemary or thyme. Some people prefer to omit the salt, but I like the slightly beefier flavor it adds.

Sous vide prime rib roast seasoned

If you want to add garlic or onion, it's best to do it as a finishing step. That is also when I add the black pepper.

Note: For more information you can check out my article covering how to season before sous vide.

How to Seal Prime Rib

Before we get into how long prime rib needs to sous vide for, I wanted to discuss how to seal it, as it will change the timing.

There are two main ways to prepare prime rib before using the sous vide method. The first is to cook it whole, or in large pieces (3 or more ribs), and the other is to cut it into slabs, usually 1 or 2 ribs per slab.

Each preparation method has pluses and minuses. I've cooked both ways and enjoyed them, but now I almost always cut it into slabs.

Regardless of how the cooking process you use, you can either leave the bones in or remove them. With sous vide it is mainly an aesthetic choice and doesn't affect the end flavor or texture much at all.

Also, for short cooks like prime rib you usually don't have to sterilize the outside of the meat, but if you often run into issues with meat turning smelly, it doesn't hurt to dip it in boiling water or use a torch on it before bagging it.

You can seal the prime rib using a vacuum sealer and vacuum bag or a Ziploc bag (Ziploc Freezer Bags are the best for the water displacement method before putting it in the sous vide water bath).

Prime Rib Sous Vide Slabs

Cutting the prime rib into slabs, usually consisting of 1 to 2 bones, offers several advantages.

Sous vide prime rib slab

The first advantage is a reduction in the sous vide cooking time. The thickness of the slabs is always thinner than the thickness of the entire roast. This helps reduce the cooking time, and also results in more even cooking because the outside of the slab and the center of the slab and will both reach the sous vide temperature, and start tenderizing, much closer together.

Another advantage is the ability to easily serve slabs at different temperatures. This can be accomplished either through using a separate sous vide bath set to a higher temperature, or searing certain slabs for longer.

Having separate slabs also lets you sear the entire slab, not just the edges. This results in a wider searing area and more flavor from the Maillard reaction.

The main disadvantage to cooking slabs is the lack of presentation. You lose out on the large, perfectly seared roast sitting on the table. You can still do many great presentations ideas, but it's not always the same. One trick I've learned is that you can normally reassemble the slabs on a plate into the initial roast shape, similar to how porterhouse steaks are served at fancy steak houses. This gives you many of the benefits of using slabs, but also lets you use you the traditional presentation many people love. Plus it greatly speeds up carving at the table since the slabs are already cut!

Sous Viding Whole Prime Rib

A disadvantage to cooking the prime rib whole is the difficulty in serving it at different temperatures to different people. If someone prefers medium doneness, it's really inconvenient to carve off a slab for them and sear it for longer. Plus it begins to break down the presentation, which is the main benefit of leaving it whole to start with.

Sous vide prime rib roast raw

If you really like using a crust with your prime rib, then leaving it whole does give you more time and leeway in the oven when you bake the crust on.

Whole prime rib roasts will also need to sous vide for a much longer cook time. The thickness of the whole roast is usually around 3" (75mm), which takes much longer to heat through, up to 2 to 3 times longer, than a 1" or 2" slab (25mm or 50mm).

You will also have a slightly uneven cook with the roast, because the outside of the roast comes up to temperature several hours before the middle does, which will result in a more tender outside than middle.

Sous vide prime rib roast sealed

The main advantage to leaving the prime rib whole is for presentation. A large prime rib roast, nicely seared, and sitting on a carving plate in the middle of the table is a great way to get everyone excited for dinner. In my opinion that's really the only major advantage to leaving it whole.

How Long to Sous Vide Prime Rib

Prime rib is already a tender cut so you don't need to sous vide it for a long period of time to break down any connective tissue. Prime rib roasts are also generally a uniform size, which helps with timing.

I normally sous vide my prime rib for 5 to 10 hours. It's long enough I don't have to worry about specific timing and also helps to tenderize it slightly. It's also short enough that it easily fits into my busy schedule around the holidays.

Prime rib is less finicky to time differences than some cuts due to the high marbling, this makes it ideal for the holidays, when dinner can get pushed back. I usually shoot for an 8 hour cook, which gives me some leeway on either side in case dinner is moved up or delayed.

For a more exact temperature, you can cook by thickness using my sous vide ruler or sous vide time charts. If you are doing slabs, a 1" thick (25mm) slab will take about an hour from the fridge and a 2" slab (50mm) will take around 3 hours. Anything much bigger than 2" is cooked about the same time because the thickness of the roast will be more than the slab. A 3" thick roast will take about 3.5 hours from the fridge (less than a 3" slab because spherical foods cook faster).

How to Finish Sous Vide Prime Rib

Your method for finishing the prime rib will depend a lot on how you sealed it.

Finishing Prime Rib Slabs

For slabs, I usually sear them in a hot pan or using a blow torch. It's generally the best way and maximizes the sear without overcooking them. Some people also love to deep fry the slabs, which results in an extra crunchy exterior, and it is a great option if you don't mind dealing with the oil. Either way, make sure you thoroughly dry the prime rib once you remove it from the sous vide bags.

Sous vide prime rib roast family up

Finishing a Whole Prime Rib

For a whole roast, there's two options, depending on if you want a flavored crust or not.

If there is no crust then a torch is your best option to sear the roast. If you don't have a torch then you can use a hot pan. It can be hard to sear the prime rib in a pan due to its shape, but with some micromanaging you can usually get a decent sear on most of it. Make sure you dry the prime rib off before searing it. You can also sear the roast in the oven, as described below.

Sous vide prime rib roast searing tongs

If you want a flavored crust on the roast I'll usually turn to the oven. Once you dry off the roast you can smear on the flavored paste that will make up the crust. Place the roast in a preheated 450°F to 500°F oven (232.2°C to 260°C) for 10 to 30 minutes, until the crust sets. Depending on the crust, or in the case of not having a crust, using the broiler setting on a hot oven also works great. You can then remove the prime rib and serve it. Finishing in the oven will create a little bit of a "bullseye" effect since the outside of the roast will cook a little more, but it'll still be much less than from a traditionally cooked prime rib.

Serving Prime Rib Roast

There are a few ways to serve a prime rib roast.

The first to to serve it whole and then carve it at the table. It's a more formal way to serve it and is great for a beautiful holiday centerpiece at a large gathering where you want to make an impression.

Sous vide prime rib roast seared

The second is to cut it into slabs (either before or after sous vide) and serve them family style at the table. It still allows you to have an impressive spread, without having to really carve the whole thing yourself. Plus it's easy to have a medium-rare slab and a medium slab, so it can be the perfect prime rib roast for everyone.

Sous vide prime rib roast serving

The third is to completely cut up the prime rib and plate it individually for people. You can get a great sear using a cast iron pan. This is the most elegant way to serve it and the boneless prime rib is easy for the dinner to eat.

Sous vide prime rib roast plated

It all comes down to what type of feeling you want at your dinner. Either way, it's bound to taste amazing!

I also like to serve it with au jus or a compound butter and some roasted vegetables as side dishes, for a simple finish.

Best Simple Sous Vide Prime Rib Roast Master Recipe

In my opinion, this is the best simple sous vide prime rib roast recipe. I tend to cook my prime rib as slabs of 1 to 2 bones instead of a single roast which gives me the benefit of a quicker cooking time and makes it easier to cook them to different temperatures as needed. Even though prime rib is tender, longer cooking times don't hurt it and I usually go 4 to 8 hours, though you can always cook them by thickness.

Recipe Info

  • Published: 2021-10-16
  • Prep Time: 29 Minutes
  • Cooktime: Time by Thickness
  • Total Time: 4 to 8 Hours
  • Serves: 4
  • Calories: 520 Calories
  • Tags: sous vide prime rib roast, sous vide beef prime rib roast, beef prime rib roast, beef, sous vide, easy, simple

Ingredients Needed

  • For the Prime Rib Roast
  • 3 pounds prime rib roast
  • 2 teaspoons salt
  • 1 teaspoons spice rub or herbs (optional)
  • To Assemble
  • Sides (optional)
  • Sauces (optional)
  • Garnishes (optional)

Recipe Instructions

Preheating: Start your sous vide machine preheating. I prefer 131°F (55.0°C) for medium rare or 141°F (60.5°C) for medium.

Season the prime rib roast: Lightly salt the meat then coat with the spices.

Seal in a Bag: Seal the prime rib roast in a sous vide bag, Ziploc-brand freezer bag, silicon bag, or other food- and heat-safe bag or zip top bag.

Sous Vide the prime rib roast: Place the sealed meat in the sous vide bath and cook until heated through, which depends on the thickness and is usually an hour for a 1" steak but for a roast I'll usually do 4 to 8 hours.

Remove From Pouch: Once fully cooked, take the sous vide bag out of the water bath and remove the prime rib roast from the bag. Pat it dry with a paper towel or dish cloth.

To Sear the Food: Sear the prime rib roast for 1 to 2 minutes per side over high heat. It should just start to brown but the core temperature shouldn't rise. Remove it from the heat.

Plating: Place the prime rib roast onto a plate with any salads or sides then serve.

About Prime Rib Roast and Prime Rib Steak

The "prime" in prime rib is usually associated with USDA's "Prime" grade. But, in reality, it has nothing to do with the USDA.

Real "prime USDA graded meat" is actually a very rare cut of meat that gets dubbed as prime by them. Their "prime" rib is deeply marbled with intramuscular fat which results in a mouthwatering dish. However, these prime beefs are only sold to the finest restaurants or to consumers who order it via express shipping or sold in high end and selective butcher shops and grocery stores.

However the prime rib you and I can easily consume actually carry a USDA's rating of "choice" which is a lower rating than "prime". But regular prime ribs are already so tender that it stills makes a delicious meal with a succulent taste of its own. You can recognize the prime rib by its fine grained quality and generous marbling, especially if they are of a higher quality like certified angus beef. Grass fed beef will also have less fat.

Prime rib roast is a cut of beef from the rib primal cut. This roast is comprised of 2 to 7 ribs from the cow's rib section. A seven-bone rib weighs more than 16 pounds while a three-bone rib would weigh four to eight pounds. A three-bone rib is sufficient to feed around 6 people.

In the US, prime rib roasts are cooked on special occasions like Christmas. It is rubbed with salt and seasonings like pepper, onion power and garlic power. Some even rub the roast with thyme and rosemary to bring out a delicious aroma of the prime rib roast.

This is one of the most beefy, tender and craved cuts of all. It is also commonly known as standing rib roast because you can place the roast in standing position by setting it on its rib bones on the roasting pan. No rack is required. When the bones are removed from the prime rib roast, it is called ribeye.

When the prime rib roast is sliced it yields many types of delicious rib steaks. The prime rib steak is made from the same rib section which is located between the chuck and short loin section. The beef from this section is smooth and rich in flavor. The steak is attached with rib bone that adds more flavor to the beef.

When you remove the bone and fat from this steak, it will result in a ribeye steak.

You can make a delicious prime rib steak by seasoning it with simple ingredients like salt and pepper. If you want to add more spices and herbs, be sure to add them in small quantity because overdoing it would ruin your steak. In short this is an easy and tasty meal that one can make any time because it is enjoyed by many.

Typical Cooking Methods for Prime Rib Roast and Prime Rib Steak

Sous Vide, Pan Roast, and Roast

Other Names for Prime Rib Roast and Prime Rib Steak

Rib Roast: Standing Rib Roast

Rib Steak: Bone-in Rib Steak and Rib Steak

Good Substitutes for Prime Rib Roast and Prime Rib Steak

Rib Roast: Boneless Ribeye Roast, Veal Rib Roast, Top Loin Roast or Whole Tenderloin

Rib Steak: Club Steak or Ribeye Steak

Traditional Dishes for Prime Rib Roast and Prime Rib Steak

Rib Roast: Standing rib roast, rotisserie rib roast and prime rib steak

Rib Steak: Rib Roast and Ribeye Steak

Be sure to check out my sous vide prime rib recipe web story.

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What is the Best Sous Vide Prime Rib Roast Temperatures and Times?

I tend to cook my prime rib as slabs of 1 to 2 bones instead of a single roast which gives me the benefit of a quicker cooking time. Even though it is tender, longer cooking times don't hurt it and I usually go 4 to 8 hours.
  • Steak-Like
  • Rare: 125°F for Time by Thickness (51.7ºC)
  • Medium-Rare: 131°F for Time by Thickness (55.0ºC)
  • Medium: 140°F for Time by Thickness (60.0ºC)
  • Tender Steak
  • Rare: 125°F for Up To 4 Hours (51.7ºC)
  • Medium-Rare: 131°F for Up To 10 Hours (55.0ºC)
  • Medium: 140°F for Up To 10 Hours (60.0ºC)

Do you have experience cooking prime rib roast? Let us know your thoughts in the comments below!

Looking for more beef? Check out the sous vide beef time and temperatures for all the sous vide information you need.

What Are Some Sous Vide Beef Prime Rib Roast Recipes?

Here are several of the Beef Prime Rib Roast recipes that I recommend trying out.

Sous Vide Prime Rib Recipe

Sous Vide Prime Rib Recipe image Sous vide prime rib is one of my favorite things to cook for the holidays and everyone in my family looks forward to dinner when I make it!

Snake River Farms Prime Beef Review

Snake River Farms Prime Beef Review image I recently tried a bunch of Snake River Farms American prime beef to use in sous vide and I was really impressed with both their steaks and roasts.

How to Sous Vide Prime Rib

How to Sous Vide Prime Rib image Discover how to make sous vide prime rib that turns out perfectly every time. Learn the time and temperatures needed for a great prime rib.

Sous Vide Prime Rib Roast Recipe

Sous Vide Prime Rib Roast Recipe image Around Christmas time many people will prepare ham or turkey but around our house we've always done a prime rib roast for dinner. With sous vide it's now easier than ever to have a perfectly cooked prime rib dinner without a lot of the hassle you normally have to go through. Here our sous vide recipe for the classic prime rib roast.

Sous Vide Prime Rib Roast Comments

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